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Phantoms of the Ursuline Convent

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Historical Background of the Ursuline Convent

ursuline convent
Interior of Ursuline Convent

The Ursuline Convent, located at 1114 Chartres Street in the heart of the French Quarter, is a cornerstone of New Orleans’ historical narrative. The convent was established in 1727 by the Sisters of Ursula, a Catholic religious order founded in Italy in the 16th century. These nuns were invited by Bienville, the founder of New Orleans, to aid in the spiritual and social development of the fledgling colony.

Upon their arrival, the Ursuline nuns faced immense challenges. New Orleans was a raw and undeveloped settlement, plagued by disease, extreme weather, and the constant threat of attack by Native American tribes and foreign powers. Despite these hardships, the nuns quickly set to work, establishing the first school for girls in the United States and the first orphanage. They also founded the city’s first hospital, providing much-needed care to the sick and impoverished.

The original convent building was a modest structure, but as the needs of the colony grew, it became clear that a more substantial building was necessary. In 1745, construction began on a new convent, designed to be both a place of worship and a fortress against potential threats. The new building, completed in 1752, was an impressive structure, built in the French colonial style with thick brick walls, a steeply pitched roof, and large dormer windows. It featured a chapel, classrooms, dormitories, and living quarters for the nuns.

Throughout the 18th and 19th centuries, the Ursuline Convent remained a vital part of the New Orleans community. The nuns continued their educational and healthcare missions, adapting to the changing needs of the city. They provided refuge for young women, taught enslaved and free Black children, and cared for the victims of the numerous epidemics that swept through New Orleans.

The convent’s resilience was tested during the fires of 1788 and 1794, which destroyed much of the French Quarter. Miraculously, the Ursuline Convent survived both fires with minimal damage, further cementing its reputation as a place of sanctuary and divine protection. Over the years, the building has been expanded and renovated, but it retains much of its original character and charm. (source)

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Legend of the Casket Girls

ursuline convent
Sketch of the casket girls

The legend of the Casket Girls is one of the most enduring and spine-chilling tales associated with the Ursuline Convent. In the early 18th century, New Orleans faced a significant demographic challenge: there were far more men than women in the colony, leading to social instability and difficulty in establishing permanent families. To address this imbalance, the French government initiated a program to send young women to the colony as potential brides for the settlers. These women, known as the “Filles à la Cassette” or Casket Girls, were chosen from orphanages, poor families, and convents in France.

The name “Casket Girls” comes from the small wooden trunks, or cassettes, they carried with them, which contained their belongings. These trunks were relatively small, about the size of a modern-day carry-on suitcase, and were said to contain everything the young women owned. Upon their arrival in New Orleans, the Casket Girls were housed temporarily in the Ursuline Convent while suitable matches were arranged for them.

However, the arrival of the Casket Girls soon gave rise to rumors and dark tales. According to legend, the young women were not ordinary settlers but vampires brought to the colony under the guise of prospective brides. The story goes that the nuns began to notice strange occurrences soon after the girls arrived. Mysterious deaths and disappearances of young men in the city led the nuns to suspect that some of the girls harbored dark secrets.

Fearing the worst, the nuns decided to investigate. They discovered that the cassettes brought by the girls were unnaturally heavy and, upon opening them, found that they were empty, leading to the suspicion that the trunks were used to transport the vampires. To prevent further bloodshed, the nuns allegedly took drastic measures. They sealed the cassettes in the attic of the convent and nailed the shutters closed with nails blessed by the Pope, ensuring that the vampires could not escape.

To this day, the attic shutters of the Ursuline Convent are said to remain tightly sealed. Locals claim that these shutters have never been opened since the day they were nailed shut, and anyone who attempts to do so will unleash a terrible curse. Visitors and residents alike report seeing ghostly figures and glowing eyes peering from the attic windows at night, reinforcing the belief that the spirits of the Casket Girls still haunt the convent.

Despite the fantastical elements of the legend, there is no historical evidence to support the existence of vampires among the Casket Girls. However, the story has become an integral part of New Orleans’ folklore, capturing the imagination of those who hear it and adding to the city’s rich tapestry of haunted tales.

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Paranormal Activity and Ghostly Sightings

ursuline convent
Recreation of haunted scenes at the Ursuline Convent

The Ursuline Convent has long been a focal point for paranormal enthusiasts and ghost hunters. Many visitors and locals report experiencing eerie phenomena, such as disembodied voices, footsteps, and the feeling of being watched. Some claim to have seen the apparitions of nuns and young women in period clothing wandering the halls and grounds.

One particularly chilling account involves the sighting of a ghostly nun who is said to appear near the chapel. Witnesses describe her as a solemn figure, silently gliding through the corridors before disappearing into thin air. Some believe that she is the spirit of a nun who met a tragic end within the convent’s walls.

Another popular legend involves the sound of phantom footsteps echoing through the building. These footsteps are often attributed to the restless spirits of the Casket Girls, who, according to lore, still roam the convent in search of their freedom.

The Ursuline Convent Today

Today, the Ursuline Convent is a treasured historical site and a testament to the resilience and dedication of the Ursuline nuns. The building, now part of the Catholic Cultural Heritage Center, is open to the public for tours and educational programs. Visitors can explore the convent’s rich history, architecture, and artifacts while learning about the nuns’ significant contributions to the city.

Despite its reputation for being haunted, the Ursuline Convent remains a place of reverence and reflection. The stories and legends surrounding the convent continue to intrigue and captivate those who visit, adding to the mystique of this historic landmark.


The haunted history of the Ursuline Convent is a fascinating blend of fact and folklore, reflecting the complex and mysterious nature of New Orleans itself. Whether one believes in the supernatural or not, the tales of the Casket Girls, ghostly nuns, and unexplained phenomena contribute to the rich tapestry of stories that make the city so unique. As you walk through the convent’s hallowed halls, you may feel a chill in the air or hear the faint echo of footsteps, reminding you that some legends never die.

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